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A familiar moment of silence, then a trumpet sounds to honour the lives of fallen soldiers ― each Remembrance Day these rituals remind us of stories of war, loss and sacrifice. While the history of the Second World War has been documented in great detail, many personal stories are left untold, and countless others have vanished with the dead.
“You know, over the years, these stories have been missed and [veterans have] been reticent for so long about saying them,” says Winston Churchill Parker, 100-year-old rancher, SAIT alumnus and Second World War veteran. “So over the last few years the [Royal Canadian] Legion has been telling us, ‘If you don’t tell your stories now, they’re gone forever.’”
Despite his age, Parker carries a physical strength and accounts his life in vivid detail, both in person and in his biography Saddles and Service, written by close friend and fellow SAIT grad, Elaine Taylor Thomas (Journalism ’74).
“Elaine said she’d like to write my life story and I hummed and hawed, but finally we decided to do it,” Parker explains.
“I couldn’t get my heart into it. I didn’t treat her very good in the first few months because I just couldn’t get to work on it.
“I didn’t think my stories were worth telling. Too many people have better stories than me.”
Parker was 94-years-old when the book was published in 2011. It traces his childhood, his service in the Second World War and his life as a rancher afterwards. Parker and Thomas also set up an endowment fund at SAIT. Financed by the proceeds of the book, the fund supports the Saddles and Service student award. Their endowment reached $30,000 this year.
Parker says the decision was made to support SAIT students because of their shared history with the Institute.
As a teen, Parker studied in the Tractor program at SAIT, then called the Provincial Institute of Technology and Art (PITA) and referred to by many as Tech.
“I was born and raised at a time when everybody was sharp on horses and suddenly they started switching to tractors,” Parker says. “Most of our fathers couldn’t tell you how to adjust anything on a tractor. I knew nothing about internal combustion engines, so I went to SAIT and that was a great help. I met some fellas and we became friends and now I’m the last one left.”
“Wop was a friend of ours. I had known him since I was a kid and he’s one of the great heroes of Canada, so I was quite intrigued by this great ace. A kid is really influenced by that,” Parker says.
As part of his training for war, Parker spent three months at the No. 2 Wireless School, housed on PITA campus, before he attended bombing and gunnery school. The No. 2 Wireless School was one of four schools set up by the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan in Canada.
Parker was sent overseas in June 1941. On his 13th bombing mission, he was declared missing in action after his plane was hit by German fighters.
He spent the next three years as a prisoner of war (POW) in Stalag VIIIB, one of the harshest prison camps of the war. In January 1945, Parker and his fellow prisoners were forced to walk nearly 1,000 kilometres at gunpoint in a march that is documented in his biography as one of the longest and cruelest in the history of the Second World War.
“We were down to desperate and we were dying every day,” he says. “I’m one of the lucky ones. I made it.”
It seems Parker’s pursuit of a generous and passionate life is why he thrives in spite of challenging memories and great loss.
“I haven’t lived the war over and over again like so many people. I came home and became a rancher and that’s what I liked and loved doing. The war was put in the background as much as I could. But I thought of the fellas.
“There’s so many of our friends who didn’t make it, and they paid for their lives, so that we have the freedom we’ve got,” Parker says.
“I used to talk at the schools and one day [the students] asked me, ‘What do you think of when it’s Remembrance Day?’ I said, ‘One thing I remember is when prisoners died out there in Germany in the prison camp ― they’d have a funeral on a cold miserable evening, you’d be out there in the woods, the Last Post [was played and it] sounded so lonely ― I think of that.’
“And the other thing I think of is my friends — two crew members who got killed — and I can’t help but think, why am I here, but they’re not?”
This Remembrance Day, Parker will lay a wreath at a memorial service in Okotoks, where he lives, in honour of those who fought with him.